Bees play a key role in the development of life on Earth

Bees play an essential role in biodiversity because of their work as the main pollinators. Their activity is essential to the survival of ecosystems.

In 2018, the UN General Assembly agreed that every 20th of May would be the World Day of Bees. The main objective was to make governments and society aware of the relevant role of bees in sustainable development and of the main hazards that bees face.

Why do bees deserve a World Day?

According to the information of Biodiversity Function, almost 35% of invertebrate pollinators —mainly bees and butterflies— are endangered worldwide.

This decrease in the number of bees entails an important risk for sustainability. We need to consider that bees are responsible for pollination by transporting pollen from the male to the female parts of plants. According to Greenpeace, 75% of the food we consume depends on pollination.

Humans’ environment depends on bees’ surveillance.

Why are bees in danger?

Humans are responsible for bees being endangered species. Human activities, such as earth usage changes, intensive agricultural practices, pesticide usage, pollution, etc., are killing bees. In addition, climate change endangers their habitat and thus their health and development.

What can we do to help them survive?

According to scientists, organic farming is one of the main tools to promote the maintenance of the world bee population. Organic farming does not use pesticides, which are the main enemies of pollinators. Moreover, it promotes biodiversity, the preservation of organic balance and the maintenance of the ground and climate.

Normal citizens can also contribute to bee surveillance, mainly through diet, for instance, by prioritizing vegetables from organic farming near us.

What do bees offer us?

Bees offer us several valuable products (wax, honey, royal jelly, etc.). They also provide us with propolis, which has immunostimulant and antimicrobial properties. It is a viscous substance produced by bees by blending the resins that cover trees, bushes and plants near the hive and the secretions of their saliva glands. Bees use propolis to build and protect their hives as it hardens the cells and covers the cracks. This way, they keep it closed and aseptic; hence, it is protected from bacteria and viruses.

Tags #Organic Farming #Biodiversity