Portulaca oleracea L.


Purslane is an edible annual herbaceous plant, belonging to the Portulacaceae family, small in size but highly resistant and adaptable, which is extremely easy to find in nature. Native to India and southern Europe, as far as Spain, it has naturalized all over the world. It is considered a creeping species that grows in vacant and uncultivated land. It invades orchards easily, so it is considered part of the weeds. It was already used in ancient times and some of its medicinal properties were known and some consider it a superfood due to its composition.

Part used

The aerial tops.

Active ingredients

Different chemical compounds such as phenols, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, coumarins, cardiac glycosides, quinones, saponins and steroids have been identified in the leaves of purslane.

From a nutritional point of view, purslane leaves are also an important source of numerous nutrients. It stands out for its content in polysaccharides (mucilages), omega 3 fatty acids, proteins, vitamins: C, thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene; minerals: iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, traces of copper and sulfur, abundant mineral salts, mainly oxalates (9.3%) and glutathione.

Pharmacological action

  • Mild laxative, due to its high content of mucilage and fiber.
  • Diuretic.
  • Hypoglycemic.
  • Anthelmintic.
  • Demulcent.
  • Anaphrodisiac.

Other actions of purslane

Currently, several researches have confirmed its antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, antitumor, antiulcerogenic and neuroprotective activity.


  • Intestinal parasitosis.
  • Constipation.
  • Urinary disorders: cystitis, urethritis, renal lithiasis.
  • Gastroenteritis.
  • Topical use: gingivitis, stomatitis, conjunctivitis, boils.


  • Pregnancy and lactation.
  • Oxalic lithiasis.


Diabetics, due to its hypoglycemic effect.

Drug interactions

They have not been described.

Side effects

At the recommended doses no side effects are expected.


-.Monografía de la SEFIT (Sociedad Española de Fitoterapia).

-.Mubashir H., Masoodi et al. Portulaca oleracea L. A review. Journal of Afrmacy Research 2011, 4 (9), 3044-3048.

-.Joshi, Dhiren M.; Dudhrejiya, Ashvin V. et al. Portulaca oleracea L.: a global panacea with ethnomedicinal and pharamcological potential. Pharma Science Monitor . Apr-Jun2017, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p583-602. 20p.

-.Trupti P. Durgawale, Chitra C. Khanwelkar et al. Comparative anthelmintic activity of different extracts of Portulaca oleracea L: whole plant. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal. Vol. 10(4), 2013-2016 (2017).

-.Wainstein J, Landau Z, Bar Dayan Y, Jakubowicz D, et al. Purslane Extract and glucose homeostasis in adults with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of efficacy and safety. J Med Food. 2016 Feb;19 (2):133-40.

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