Viola tricolor L


Herbaceous, rhizomatous annual plant (one-year life-cycle) that might reach up to 20-30 cm high. Stems are erect, thin, fleshy and ringed and show nodes and internodes that are short in the under part and longer in the upper part. Polymorphic, alternate, elongated leaves with toothed edge. Leaves at the base are heart-shaped and petiolate, while the ones above the stem become narrower and the petiole shortens. Flowers are solitaire, irregular, and sprout one by one from the axil at the upper leaves and are held by a hook-shaped peduncle of 5 to 10 cm long. Petals are wide, velvety in white, yellow, red, purple and most commonly there is a combination of all these colors in each blossom with a pleasant aroma. The flowers of the subspecies arvensis (Murray) Gaud., is characterized by 4 upper yellowish-white petals and a lower dark yellow one with purple spots. In the subspecies vulgaris (Koch) Oborny has 4 purple upper petals and a yellowish-white lower one. The oval-shaped fruit is an obtuse capsule that splits at three points and releases the piriform yellow pear-shaped seeds with a caruncle. It belongs to the Violaceae family.

It is perfectly cultivated in the mountains, roadsides, hedgebanks, wasteways and gardens. It is found throughout Europe, Eastern Asia and North America, from the Arctic to the warm zones. Its blooming depends on the zone where it is located. It is, in the mountains it takes place during the summer, while in the lowlands flowers open late in winter and early spring.

Part used

Floral aerial parts of Viola arvensis Murray and/or Viola tricolor L.


Internal use

  • Skin disorders: eczema, dermatitis, impetigo, acne, itching, psoriasis, herpes, seborrheic affections, children cradle cap.
  • Respiratory tract disorders: common cold, flu, bronchitis, unproductive cough, pharyngitis.
  • Genitourinary disorders: oliguria, dysuria, urethritis, cystitis, uretheritis, urolithiasis.
  • Edemas, overweight with water retention.
  • Hyperazotemia, hyperuricemia and gout.
  • Rheumatism: arthritis, etc.
  • Allergies.
  • Spasmodic digestive pain.
  • Constipation.
  • Arteriosclerosis, arterial hypertension.

External use

  • Skin disorders: seborrheic dermatitis, acne, itching, exanthematic eruptions, impetigo, infantile eczema, skin ulcers, wounds.
  • Oral ulcerations, stomatitis, parodontopathies.
  • Corneal ulcers, blepharitis, conjunctivitis.
  • Pharyngitis and tonsillitis (gargles)
  • Vaginitis and vulvovaginitis.


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