Matricaria chamomilla L o Chamomilla recutita L


Herbaceous annual plant of strong scent, leafy, creeping, glabrous (hairless), 40-60 cm high. Stem is whitish-green, smooth, shining, cylindrical, grooved, villose and very branched. Leaves are sessile, alternate, bipinnated at the top and tripinnated at the bottom, with linear segments of an intense green color. Flowers are grouped in small capitules, pedunculate, with a cone-shaped and hollow receptacle surrounded by an imbricate and flat involucre. Female peripheral flowers with no pappus are white and ligulate; hermaphrodite central flowers are yellow and tubular. Fruits are small achenia of a yellowish-green color. Scent is pleasant, aromatic and characteristic; the taste is somewhat bitter. It belongs to the Compositae family.

It is native to south east Europe and Asia Minor (the eastern Mediterranean half) where it’s been known before the Christian Era. It can easily survive in other zones, though, as long as the weather is not extremely cold. It grows in gardens, flowerpots. In fact, it is able to develop in uncultivated land. It’s found in roadsides, meadows, fields, cultivated and non-cultivated, in light and dry soil. Its propagation is by means of sowing.

Part used

The floral capitules. The flower-heads are gathered when they are blooming, which can be done 3 to 4 times a year and are to let dry outside in the shadow displayed in fine layers.


Internal use

  • Digestive alterations: gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis, diarrhea, light gastrointestinal spasms, biliary dyspepsia, epigastric distention, irritable colon syndrome, flatulence, vomit and nausea.
  • Menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea.
  • Respiratory disorders: dry cough, common cold, flu, bronchitis, pharyngitis, fever, asthma.
  • Nervous disorders: nervousness, anxiety, insomnia.
  • Muscle pains.

External use

  • Stomatitis and glossitis (mouthwashes).
  • Conjunctivitis, blepharitis (eyewashes. It has to be filtered thoroughly to prevent irritating substances or solid matter).
  • Eczema, skin irritation, wounds, bacterial skin infections, bruises, sun burns, insect bites, swelling (compresses, poultices, rubbing, sitz bath).
  • Anal and genital disorders such as vaginitis, vulvovaginitis (rinse, poultice, sitz bath).
  • Inhalations in case of respiratory disorders.


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