Cupressus sempervirens L.


Tree up to 30 m high; conic pyramid-shaped crown; reddish-grey bark. Perennial, squamiform dark green leaves about 0.5-1 mm long, densely imbricated covering the branches. Cypress has male and female flowers, produced on the same tree; male flowers form small ovoid or elongated aments; the female ones are round and flaked (up to 12 flakes) and when mature form a polyhedral, greenish-brown globose galbulus that resemble a polygonal-head nail, corky and woody. Flattened seeds with winged edges.

Its wood can be yellow or reddish, fine and close in grain, very durable and resinously fragrant, resistant to proliferation.

Distribution and ecology: Originated in eastern Europe and western Asia; it’s cultivated for ornamental purposes.

Part used

Mature galbulus (female cones); occasionally leaves and tender sprouts.


> Vein disorders: varicose veins, hemorrhoids, phlebitis, thrombophlebitis.
> Metrorrhagia and menopause symptoms.
> Diarrhea.
> Pharyngitis, bronchitis, spasmodic cough.
> Enuresis.
> Topical use: wounds, varicose ulcers (galbulus). The young sprouts are applied in fresh over warts to favor its elimination (essential oils). Essential oil is used in osteoarticular inflammation.


Fitoterapia: Vademecum de Prescripción. Plantas Medicinales. Colaboran: Asociación española de médicos naturistas. Colegio Oficial de Farmacéuticos de Vizcaya.

Matière Médicale (tomo I).  RR Paris- H. Moyse. Masson 1981.

J.B. Peris, G. Stübing, B.Vanaclocha. Fitoterapia Aplicada. Colegio Oficial de Farmacéuticos de Valencia 1995.

Jean Bruneton.  Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Lavoisier Publishing.

Pio Font Quer. Plantas Medicinales. El Dioscórides Renovado.

Oleg Polunin Guía de Campo de las Flores de Europa. Ediciones Omega S.A. Barcelona, 1977.

Max Rombi. 100 Plantes Medicinales. Editions Romart 1998.

Farmacognosia. 2ª Edición. Jean Bruneton.

Bulletin officiel Nº 90/22 bis. Ministère des Affaires Sociales et de la Solidarité.  

French Public Health Code.

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