The most common used species are: Satureia montana (winter savory or mountain savory) and Satureia hortensis (summer savory). The first one is perennial the second one is annual and has more culinary use as it is softer.
> Satureia montana L. (mountain savory or winter savory) is a ligneous plant in leaf all year. It grows between 15 to 40 cm in height and is very scented. The leaves, about 1-2mm by 2-3 mm, are entire, linear lanceolate, acute, shortly narrowed at the base into petioles, often fascicled. The pedunculated flowers are white, pink or lilac grouped in spikes of 2-5 units, forming a loose foliated unilateral inflorescence. The fruit is formed by four ovoid achenia. Savory has a distinctive scent and taste, hot and astringent.
It requires mild and dry weather and good exposure to the sun. It grows up to 2.000 m. It’s not very demanding about soil but prefers light, sandy and calcareous rather than arid. The best soil for it is loose, fertile and deep ones. Native of Europe and North Africa.
> Satureia hortensis L. (summer savory, garden savory): It is a herbaceous annual plant whose height varies between 20 to 40 cm. Leaves are opposite, ovate, soft of a pale gray, generally glabrous and are connected to the stem by rootstock. Their size varies depending on how close they are to the center, as those on the sides are much smaller. The flowers are small, between 2 and 6 mm, grouped, located in the foliate axile, white and pinkish, grow close to the uppermost leaves. It’s agreeable scented and might recall the scent of mint. Fruit is formed by four ovate achenia.
It requires a mild weather and good exposure to the sun. It’s not very demanding about soil but prefers light, sandy and calcareous rather than arid. The best soil for it is loose, fertile and deep ones. Native of Middle Europe.
The flowering plant and leaves.
- Digestive affections: Slow and heavy digestion, intestinal spasms, intestinal fermentations, flatulence, meteorism, gastrointestinal pain, lack of appetite, biliary dyskinesia, etc.
- Diarrhea and acute enterocolitis (if the diarrhea continues, it is not recommended to use summer savory for periods longer than 3 or 4 days without a prescription from a professional).
- Urinary and respiratory infections.
- Dental abscess, infected cavities and mouth mycosis.
- Wounds, ulcers, fungi, insect bites (crushed leaves), etc.
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